Mucosal Immunology is a branch of study of the immune system, which provides protection to an organism's numerous mucous membranes from invasion by potentially pathogenic microbes. The interests of scientists studying gastrointestinal, pulmonary, nasopharyngeal, oral, ocular, and genitourinary immunology. The mucosal surfaces of the gastrointestinal, reproductive and respiratory tracts are in direct contact with the external environment and are therefore susceptible to invasion by pathogens. Mucosal immune system must balance the need to respond to such pathogens with maintaining a harmonious relationship with commensal bacteria and innocuous environmental antigens. This Focus highlights the latest research providing insights into global infections, mucosal vaccines, immune regulation and its relationship to inflammation, various diseases of mucosal tissues such as inflammatory bowel disease, and the immunological importance of epithelial cells.
- Mucosal immunology of HIV infection
- Mucosal immunology of parasitic diseases
- Mucosal immunology of host defenses